History of the Artificial Turf
The number of carpet pitches in the world is increasing day by day. This situation is an indication of the importance given to football. Many investors invest on artificial turf and increase the quality of the fields with each passing day. When we look at the return of the carpet pitches we can see that it is quite a profitable business.
The artificial turf field installation in the world has managed to become the most performed between professions. There are just over 10 thousand astroturf in Turkey. This figure is quite large and continues to grow.
As mentioned above, carpet pitches are made using artificial turf. Since such sites are suitable for continuous use, people can use them at any time and at any time. Even in the desired weather conditions, artificial grass carpet pitches can be used.
Artificial turf carpet pitches can now be made in any area you can think of. Not only for professional purposes, but also amateur, suitable for children to use large and small carpet pitches are established.
So what is this artificial turf and when did it first appear? Today, we will examine with you when artificial turf entered our lives and how widespread the purpose of use is today. Now let’s start with the history of artificial grass.
As we all know, in the past, football fields or other sports fields were built using natural grass. However, especially in the winter months, natural lawns are inefficient and limited in use, different remedies have been sought. At the end of these ideas and researches synthetic grass carpets were invented.
- In other words, the first synthetic grass carpet was produced because the natural grass was unsuitable in bad weather conditions.
- Artificial turf, which was first applied to football fields in 1960, was not as high quality as it is today. And the desired result could not be achieved at first.
- In the following years, the development of artificial turf carpets continued with the developing technology and became the current form.
In the 1960s, artificial turf which was inspected by FIFA in England was found to be insufficient. Of course, this is quite natural. Because it is a first time product, it is inevitable that there are errors and deficiencies.
Of course, as mentioned above, it took a long time to produce world-class FIFA approved artificial turf. However, given the position of artificial turf today, it is a good thing to say that such a study was done.
For both investors and players, artificial turf is definitely a very useful and useful floor.
- 1st Generation Artificial Grass Carpet
First Generation artificial turf carpet started production in 1950 and started to be used in 1960s. However, some players suffered injuries until they recognized the artificial turf ground and got used to it. Initially, the rate of injuries on artificial turf carpet has increased considerably. This situation indicated that artificial turf should be improved. This leads us to the birth of the second generation artificial turf carpet field.
- 2nd Generation Artificial Turf Carpet Field
The second generation artificial turf carpet field started to be produced in 1980s. Originally produced with great expectations, these artificial lawns were not approved by FIFA and UEFA because they were not of the desired quality and could not prevent injuries. And finally, let’s come to the third generation artificial turf carpet fields that are currently used.
- 3rd Generation Artificial Turf Carpet Field
And finally, the desired artificial turf production was done successfully. Produced in the 1990s, these artificial lawns are highly appreciated and resistant to UV rays, preventing disability.
After 2003, many football clubs in Europe started to replace their pitches with artificial turf and after that artificial turf became an indispensable part of our lives.
Features of Synthetic Grass
- Artificial grass is produced as an alternative to natural grass.
- There is no difference between natural lawn and appearance.
- Artificial turf ground quality is quite good.
- Artificial turf floors with reduced lubricity are produced to prevent injuries.
- Artificial turf carpet colors do not fade in 4 seasons (resistant to UV rays) and are suitable for continuous use.
- The bounce rate of the ball is better on artificial grass carpet pitch.
- Players can demonstrate all their skills on the artificial turf carpet field without fear of the ground.
As you can see, artificial turf is superior with a lot of facets from natural grass. Therefore, artificial turf pitch should be preferred both for the quality of sports activities and for the health of athletes.
Artificial Turf Carpet Field Cost
Although the initial cost of synthetic turf is higher than natural turf, annual fixed low maintenance costs make synthetic turf highly profitable in the eyes of the investor. There is no high maintenance costs such as irrigation, spraying, fertilizing, patching (re-sowing) to worn out areas after the match as in natural grass fields. These costs increase each year due to the wear due to the nature of the natural lawn.
Synthetic lawn cleaning and maintenance is extremely cheap and simple. It is sufficient to periodically brush with a special cleaning brush and irrigate for cooling in extreme hot weather. Depending on the frequency of use of the site, granule supplementation may be required at most once a year.
As a result, there is no expensive and long-lasting maintenance costs like natural grass, which returns to the investor in a short period of time.
Artificial Turf Surface Safety and Game Performance
In terms of athletes’ health and performance, according to tens of test results made by FIFA, synthetic turf is found to be more useful. The structure of the lawn and the filling materials used minimize the risk of injury to the players. In the same way, as a result of running, stopping and agility tests performed on the players, the performance of synthetic grass players increased between 15-20%.
Weather and Durability
Synthetic turf carpets produced in FIFA standards are UV protected and extremely resistant to rain, snow and cold weather conditions. In case of proper drainage application, problems such as drying or muddying of the field like natural grass are not experienced.
There are no applications such as irrigation, spraying and fertilizing in synthetic grass fields. Thus, you save about 30 tons of water per year against natural grass. You also avoid application of harmful pesticides and fertilizers. The synthetic grass of polyethylene or polypropylene does not contain harmful bacteria or micro-organisms due to its structure.
FIFA quality concept (FQC) is possible to get the same efficiency in synthetic turf fields all over the world. In this way, the field differences in the away games were eliminated and the same game comfort and confidence was obtained everywhere and in the climate.
Artificial Turf Landscape Application
In addition to the use of artificial turf, we can add a landscape application. Today, many corporate gardens, home gardens, cafes and restaurants are covered with artificial turf. This is another use of artificial turf.
As you can see, artificial turf is a very useful and useful product. For artificial turf installation costs and more information, please contact us.